ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
ESTIMATION OF THE BREAKUP LENGTH FOR THE
ANNULAR AND THE ROUND LIQUID JET USING
LINEAR INSTABILITY ANALYSIS
A linear instability analysis of an inviscid annular liquid sheet emanating from anatomizer subjected to inner and outer swirling air streams and a non-swirl round liquid jet has beencarried out. The dimensionless dispersion equation that governs the instability was derived andwas solved by Numerical method to investigate the effects of the liquid-gas swirl orientation onthe maximum growth rate and its corresponding unstable wave number that produces the finestdroplets. To understand the effect of air swirl orientation with respect to liquid swirl direction, fourpossible combinations with both swirling air streams with respect to the liquid swirl direction havebeen considered. Results show that at low liquid swirl Weber number a combination of co-innerair stream and counter-outer air stream has the largest most unstable wave number and shortestbreakup length. The combination of inner and the outer air stream co-rotating with the liquid hasthe highest growth rate. Also, the results for round liquid jet and planar liquid sheet show that thelinear theory accurately predicts the variation in breakup length with jet velocity.
http://ijstm.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1749_a299c8dc853ae502f4bb79704c79dbc6.pdf
2013-10-20T11:23:20
2019-01-22T11:23:20
217
232
10.22099/ijstm.2013.1749
Annular sheet
round jet
atomization
linear analysis
instability
swirl
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
EXPERIMENTAL, NUMERICAL ANALYSIS AND OPTIMIZATION OF
ELLIPTICAL ANNULAR FINS UNDER FREE CONVECTION
This paper presents the total heat transfer rate by Elliptical Annular Fin (EAF) andCircular Annular Fin (CAF) by experimental set-up, validated CFD analysis and optimization ofEAF using Genetic Algorithm (GA). The experimental result of EAF shows that, the surfacetemperature of EAF goes on decreasing gradually along with the projected surface area in thedirection of the major axis. The STE decreases with the Biot number (Bi) and Shape factor (SF).The rate of reduction of STE with increasing Bi is higher for Bi < 0.013. The experimental resultsare validated with CFD result. The deviation is within acceptable range for surface temperature,STE and fin effectiveness are 5-8%. The GA developed is validated with the experimental result. Itis observed that, the fin effectiveness is higher when the minor axis touches the circumference ofthe CT, and for smaller values of SF and smaller values of the radius of the CT. This optimizationmethod is universal and may be used for optimization of EAF under specified volume.
http://ijstm.shirazu.ac.ir/article_1750_6079798584e972a755467feee369e72c.pdf
2013-10-20T11:23:20
2019-01-22T11:23:20
233
239
10.22099/ijstm.2013.1750
Axis ratio
biot number
elliptical annular fin
fin effectiveness
heat transfer coefficient