Heat transfer augmentation and pressure loss penalty caused by vortex generators
(VGs) are numerically studied for finned flat/round tube heat exchangers and compared with
available experimental results. The simulations are performed with the steady three-dimensional
incompressible conditions and a RNG K-ε turbulence model is used. The Reynolds numbers based
on the bulk velocity and the height of channel are selected from 600 to 4050. To compare the
effectiveness of VGs on the round and flat tubes for tube-fin heat exchangers, two different
configurations are investigated with two and four delta winglet vortex generators for each tube.
The streamlines, vorticity, the averaged Nusselt number, the friction factor and the performance
factor (JF) are provided to evaluate the effectiveness of VGs for the heat exchangers employed. It
is found that the flat tube with VGs provides better thermal performance than the round one,
especially at the lower Reynolds numbers.