EXPERIMENTAL AND NUMERICAL STUDY OF A TURBULENT AXISYMMETRIC JET IMPINGING ONTO A CIRCULAR CYLINDER IN OFFSET AND NON-OFFSET SITUATIONS

Document Type: Research Paper

10.22099/ijstm.2013.1466

Abstract

In this study, an experimental and numerical analysis is done to study the flow
characteristics of an offset and non-offset axisymmetric jet impingement on a circular cylinder.
The purpose of this study is investigation of the behavior of the cutting gas jets and finding the
optimum distance between nozzle and cylinder to achieve maximum cutting performance. Finite
volume approach is used to solve the governing equations for a turbulent, incompressible jet
numerically. According to the literature the suitable turbulence model for this purpose is realizable
k-ε. Velocity and pressure fields around the cylinder and pressure and shear stress distribution on
the cylinder surface are determined for various cases. Also, some experiments are done to validate
repeatability of experiments and numerical results. Comparisons between numerical results and
experimental measurements validate the accuracy of numerical results. Also, results show that if
the horizontal distance between the nozzle outlet and the stagnation point of cylinder is 2.5D, the
shear stress on the cylinder surface has maximum value. Therefore in this situation jet has a
maximum performance in cutting procedure.

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