KINETIC ENERGY DISSIPATION IN TI-SS EXPLOSIVE CLADDING WITH MULTI LOADING RATIOS

10.22099/ijstm.2014.1930

Abstract

Explosive cladding is a metal cladding technique, wherein restricted detonation
impinges two or more metals to fuse together. On detonation, the chemical energy stored in the
chemical explosive is converted instantaneously into kinetic energy, forcing the flyer plate to
impinge obliquely with the base plate to craft a metallurgically strong bond. The kinetic energy
available at the interface characterizes the interface microstructure and mechanical properties of
explosive clad which depends on process parameters viz. explosive loading ratio, standoff distance
and preset angle. Titanium-stainless steel 304L plates are explosively cladded with multi loading
ratios, stand off distance and preset angle. Formation of smooth wavy interface is observed at
lower explosive mass while formation of intermetallic compounds is observed at higher energetic
conditions. Amplitude and wavelength of the interfacial waves are directly proportional to kinetic
energy lost at the interface. The increase in mechanical strength of the explosive clads is also
reported.

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